Mercedes-Benz S-class W220Mercedes-Benz W220 — the former leader of Mercedes (S-class), was issued from 1998 to 2006. The car replaced the W140 model and considerably changed image of all brand. In the late nineties to replace characteristic to Mercedes of grandiosity and authority compactness and economy came. New the 220th was nearly 300 kg easier and 120 mm shorter than the predecessor, had the new "rounded" styling without sharp corners. But at the same time, the internal volume of the car grew due to use of more compact devices and their rationalization. The 220th became famous for the technical progress, and the fact that it was literally saturated electronics and computers, bringing both to the driver, and passengers the highest convenience and comfort. The car was issued both from short W220 and from long V220 base. But unlike former S-classes, the 220th had no "" version of a compartment since the CL class separated in 1996 already independently developed in view of the C215 model.
The car was presented to general public in August of the 1998th year. If W140 put an accent on the flagman V140 models from 8 and 12 cylinder engines, and short sedans reckoned with diesels as a weak link, then the 220th had everything on the contrary. It was helped by Common Rail technology for diesel engines which considerably cut fuel consumption. Therefore the most popular W220-go model became S320 CDI which initially had OM613 Turbodiesel (configuration I6, the volume of 3222 cm ³ the power of 197 h.p., the moment of 470 Nanometers). Also S400 CDI with OM628 turbodiesel in configuration of V8 was issued (3996 cm ³, 247 h.p., 660 Nanometers.)
Among models with benzinny engines beginning there was S320 with the M112 engine (3.199 cm ³, V6, 224 h.p., 315 Nanometers) though there was also facilitated S280 version for export to Asia (the same M112 but 2.799 cm ³, V6, 204 h.p., 270 Nanometers). On power M112-y the motor conceded M104-mu on W140 a little but was more economic.
The M113 motor for the S430 models (4266 cm ³, 279 h.p., 400 Nanometers) and S500 (4.966 cm ³, 306 h.p., 460 Nanometers) became the eight (V8) of the 220th. And for a leader of the 220th S600 there was new M137 (5786 cm ³, V12, 367 h.p., 530 Nanometers). In respect of marketing, Mercedes presented the latest three models as expensive foppish to luxury. But here Meresedes had "trump": in the 1999th year the company bought tuning AMG which became its official tuner and for a new S-class produced the S55 model which was completed with a sports suspension bracket and brakes, but the main thing with the cm M113 5.439 engine ³ V8 which had the power of 360 h.p. at the moment of 530 Nanometers.
In general the rate on economy outright was reflected on buyers of a S-class which for W220-go became the highest layer of middle class. But having won one market, Mercedes lost another — elite, especially after start of BMW E65/E66 from his competitor. In reply in the 2002nd year the car is exposed to deep modernization during what besides external details as new back lamps and more aerodynamic before and the updated set of electronics, receives a number of new engines.
For the new S320 CDI market receives the new OM648 motor (3222 cm ³, R6, 204 h.p., 500 Nanometers.), and S320 replaces S350 with the same M112 m the motor but with a volume increased to 3724 cm ³, the power of 245 h.p., the moment of 350 Nanometers. To benefit back the former market from competitors, Mercedes gives to a leader of S600 new V12 M275 битурбо (5513 cm ³, 500 h.p. 700 Nanometers).
And AMG was put on S55 by the supercharger and the intercooler which increased power to 500 h.p. and the moment to 700 Nanometers. In addition AMG produces the models with V12, beginning in the 2002nd year with a small batch of S63 with 6258 cm ³ the volume of M137 with a power of 444 h.p. and the moment of 738 Nanometers. And then in the 2004th year the S65 M275 model is published put битурбо engineers of AMG increased engine displacement to 5980 cm ³. Engine capacity after these changes became equal to 612 h.p., and torque — 1000 Nanometers. limited by electronics.